Factors affecting the intensity of nurses’ lower limbs’ varicose veins in the hospitals of North Khorasan, Iran, in 2016

  • Mehri Bozorgnezha Department of Nursing and Midwifery, School of Nursing, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Samaneh Nodehi Nodehi Department of Nursing and Midwifery, School of Nursing, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mehdi Keyvan Keyvan Department of Nursing and Midwifery, School of Nursing, International Campus, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Salimeh Azizi Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
Keywords: Varicose veins, Demography, Occupational exposure, Life style, Quality of life


Background & Aim: Varicose vein (VV) is known as the most prevalent venous disease which has many complications. Since this is a hard healing disease which imposes a large burden on individual and society, and also has high mortality, many studies begin to assess risk factors in their population.
Methods & Materials: Participants were examined by a cardiovascular specialist and their VVs were graded by CEAP criteria. The patients filled a four-part researcher-made questionnaire of demography, occupation, quality of life (QOL), and lifestyle. Data were analyzed by SPSS software.
Results: We found that sex, age, pregnancy, child number, family history, standing, sitting, walking, weight, body mass index (BMI), overtime, and work experience have significant effects on VV intensity. Multiple logistic regression shows that standing (OR = 13.850), sitting (OR = 4.850), pregnancy (OR = 2.002), age (OR = 1.219), and overtime (OR = 1.029) are the most effective demographic and occupational factors. Age and sex adjusted demographic and occupational factors show that only pregnancy factor is affected. Life style factors show that physical activity (OR = 4.038), as well as weight control and nutrition (OR = 3.760) have significant effect on VV intensity. It is also found that symptoms intensity have significant relationship with VV intensity (OR = 4.048). It means that increasing VV intensity causes a 4-fold decrease of QOL.
Conclusion: It is revealed that most of the effective factors on VV intensity are secondary factors which are preventable.


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How to Cite
Bozorgnezha M, Nodehi SN, Keyvan MK, Azizi S. Factors affecting the intensity of nurses’ lower limbs’ varicose veins in the hospitals of North Khorasan, Iran, in 2016. jbe. 4(1):36-46.
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