Original Article

Epidemiological Profile of Injury in Kermanshah in 2015-2016


Introduction: injuries as one of the main concerns of public health and social problem affect a wide range of population particularly in countries with low and middle incomes. In the present study, we aimed to describe the epidemiology of different types of injuries occurring in Kermanshah province, Iran, with an enormous sample size in 2015-2016.
Methods: in this cross-sectional study we gathered the data from Health Vice-presidency of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. In order to widen the study, we incorporated the subjects with a wide spectrum of injury types including Road Traffic Injury (RTI), burns, poisoning, drowning, suicide, animal bite, trauma, and violence. The subjects were taken from 20 distinct hospitals of 12 cities of Kermanshah province.
Results: our data showed a total number of injuries to be 65,428 from March 2015 to March 2016 (65.4% male and 34.6% female).The average of total injured people was 29.20±18.9(28.7±18.9 in men and 30±18.9 in women). We showed that individuals of 15-29 and 30-44 years old were the most vulnerable sectors in both male and female groups. The majority of injuries were due to road traffic and fall in men and female, respectively. The most and least frequent injuries occurred in Kermanshah and Gilan-e-Qarb cities, respectively.
Conclusion: it was demonstrated in our study that age, gender, culture, and city are the factors determining the injury patterns. Therefore, these items can be regarded as the high-risk factors which may be integrated into the plans for preventing the possible injuries in health policies.

1. ALBashtawy M, Al-Awamreh K, Gharaibeh H, Al-Kloub M, Batiha A-M, Alhalaiqa F, et al. Epidemiology of nonfatal injuries among schoolchildren. The Journal of School Nursing. 2016;32(5):329-36. 2. Karbakhsh M, Zandi N, Rouzrokh M, Zarei M-R. Injury epidemiology in Kermanshah: the National Trauma Project in Islamic Republic of Iran. 2009.
3. Azami-Aghdash S, Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Shabaninejad H, Abolghasem Gorji H. Injury epidemiology in Iran: a systematic review. Journal of injury and violence research. 2017;9(1):e852-e.
4. Herman J, Peiris-John R, Wainiqolo I, Kafoa B, Laginikoro P, McCaig E, et al. Epidemiology of fatal and hospitalized injuries among youth in Fiji (TRIP 15). J Paediatr Child Health. 2016;52(11):1026-31.
5. Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Ayubi E, AzamiAghdash S, Abedi L, Zemestani A, Amanati L, et al. Epidemiological Patterns of Road Traffic Crashes During the Last Two Decades in Iran: A Review of the Literature from 1996 to 2014. Archives of trauma research. 2016;5(3):e32985.
6. Akbari M, Naghavi M, Soori H. Epidemiology of deaths from injuries in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 2006.
7. Jamshidbeygi E, Rastad H, Qorbani M, Saadat S, Sepidarkish M, Asayesh H, et al. National and sub-national trend and burden of injuries in Iran, 1990 - 2013: a study protocol. Arch Iran Med. 2014;17(3):138-45.
8. Khorshidi A, Ainy E, Soori H, Sabbagh MM. Iranian road traffic injury project: assessment of road traffic injuries in Iran in 2012. JPMA The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association. 2016;66(5):517-20.
9. Mohadeth Ardebili F, Bozorg Nejad M, Manzari ZS. Burn injury in Mottahari Burn Center in Tehran, Iran. World journal of plastic surgery. 2016;5(1):77-9.
10. Izadi N, Khoramdad M, Jamshidi P, Zanganeh AR, Shafiei J, Firouzi A. Epidemiological Pattern and Mortality Rate
Trend of Road Traffic Injuries in Kermanshah Province (2009-2014). Journals of Community Health Research. 2016;5(3):158-68.
11. Khoramdad M, Izadi N, Najafi F. Trend of Years of Life Lost Due to Road Traffic Injuries in Kermanshah Province (2009-2014). Trauma Monthly. 2016(In press).
12. Montazeri A. Road-traffic-related mortality in Iran: a descriptive study. Public health. 2004;118(2):110-3.
13. Organization WH. International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems. 2009.
14. Ghadiri M, Hadadi M. guidline of injured registery duo to accident. In: disaster cfdma. In: health mo, editor. guidline of injured registery duo to accident In: disaster cfdma. tehran: ministry of health; 2012. p. 1-3.
15. Organization WH. International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems: World Health Organization; 2004.
16. Ansari-Moghaddam A, Martiniuk AL, Mohammadi M, Rad M, Sargazi F, Sheykhzadeh K, et al. The pattern of injury and poisoning in South East Iran. BMC international health and human rights. 2012;12(1):17.
17. Naghavi M, Abolhassani F, Pourmalek F, Lakeh MM, Jafari N, Vaseghi S, et al. The burden of disease and injury in Iran 2003. Population health metrics. 2009;7(1):9.
18. MacKenzie EJ.Epidemiology of injuries: current trends and future challenges. Epidemiologic reviews.2000;22(1):112-9.
19. Aghajani MH, Haddadi M, Saadat S. Epidemiological pattern of injuries in Iran; a nationwide review of seven million emergency department admissions. EMERGENCY-An Academic Emergency Medicine Journal. 2016;4.
20. Moini M, Rezaishiraz H, Zafarghandi MR. Characteristics and outcome of injured patients treated in urban trauma centers in Iran. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2000;48(3):503-7.
21. Sherrard J, Tonge B, Ozanne-Smith J. Injury in young people with intellectual disability: descriptive epidemiology. Injury Prevention. 2001;7(1):56-61.
22. Bruns J, Hauser WA. The epidemiology of traumatic brain injury: a review. Epilepsia. 2003;44(s10):2-10.
23. Khorasani-Zavareh D, Haglund BJA, Mohammadi R, Naghavi M, Laflamme L. Traffic injury deaths in West Azarbaijan province of Iran: a cross-sectional interviewbased study on victims' characteristics and prehospital care. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion. 2009;16(3):11926.
24. Golshan A, Patel C, Hyder AA. A systematic review of the epidemiology of unintentional burn injuries in South Asia. Journal of public health. 2013:fds102.
25. Kobusingye O, Guwatudde D, Lett R. Injury patterns in rural and urban Uganda. Injury Prevention. 2001;7(1):46-50.
26. Fazel MR, Fakharian E, Razi E, Abedzadeh-Kalahroudi M, Mahdian M, Mohammadzadeh M, et al. Epidemiology of home-related injuries during a six-year period in kashan, Iran. Archives of trauma research. 2012;1(3):118-22.
27. Hatamabadi H, Vafaee R, Haddadi M, Abdalvand A, Esnaashari H, Soori H. Epidemiologic Study of Road Traffic Injuries by Road User Type Characteristics and Road Environment in Iran: A Community-Based Approach. Traffic Injury Prevention. 2012;13(1):61-4.
28. Moshiro C, Heuch I, Åstrøm AN, Setel P, Hemed Y, Kvåle G. Injury morbidity in an urban and a rural area in Tanzania: an epidemiological survey. BMC public health. 2005;5(1):11.
IssueVol 5 No 1 (2019) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/jbe.v5i1.1905
Injury Kermanshah Iran

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Khoramdad M, bayat MR, Khademi N, Saniee V, Alimohamadi Y. Epidemiological Profile of Injury in Kermanshah in 2015-2016. jbe. 2019;5(1):40-49.