Epidemiological Features and the Incidence of Injuries in Iran in 2016
Introduction: Accidents and related injuries are the major public health problem and they have long been charged with being very destructive and deadly to the humans in the world. Regarding the widespread damage caused by accidents in Iran
Objectives: This study was conducted with the aim of determining the trend and epidemiological pattern of injuries caused by accidents in victims who referred to the emergency department of Iranian hospitals in 2016.
Methods: This study was performed based on secondary analysis of existing data. In order to collect the necessary information, all reports of the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education on accidents and deaths in 2016 were used. Excel, SPSS and GIS software were used to analyze the results. Also, hierarchical analysis was used to cluster the provinces. Out of 1483425 cases in 2015, 68.6% were men.
Results: The highest frequency was related to the age group of ≥20 years (74%). Also, out of the total cases, 5013 people died and 358 others were disabled. The scene of the most accident was home (36%), followed by the street (32%). The highest rate of accidents per 100 000 population was related to trauma (598.72) followed by traffic accidents (570.53).The highest incidence rate per thousand population was related to Qazvin (46.30) and Kermanshah (38.10) provinces and Sistan and Baluchestan province had the lowest incidence rate (2.9 per thousand).
Conclusion: Organized policy-making and decision-making to prevent accidents is one of the important health priorities and an essential tool in promoting safety in Iran.
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|Issue||Vol 8 No 2 (2022)|
|Accidents; Traffic; Injuries; incidence; Iran|
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