Original Article

Determinants of Anemia Status among Reproductive age Women during pregnancy in Ethiopia: Cross-sectional Study design


Introduction: Anemia is a major public health concern that affects more than fifty-six million women globally. In pregnancy, it is hemoglobin concentration of less than eleven grams per deciliter in venous blood and has significant adverse health consequences, on pregnant women. The major objective of this study is to look into anemia and the factors that contribute to it in the participant.

   Methods: The data in this research came from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic Health survey. This analysis included 1053 women who are pregnant in total. Partial proportional odd model was used in the analysis of risk factors of anemia status.    

    Results: Among the total, 1053 pregnant women involved in this study: 32, 214, 395 were severe, moderate, and mild anemic respectively. The highest proportions of severe anemic were observed in Somali whereas the smallest was in Tigray. The chance of non-anemic increased by 9.3% for those taking iron pills. Somali pregnant women were 3.66% more likely to get severe anemic. However, pregnant women from a rural area and richest household were 27.1 %, 6.9 percent less likely to be non-anemic; consequently. Being non-anemic was increase with education levels [primary: (AMPE4 = 0.032, P ≤ 5%), Secondary: (AMPE4 = 0.069, P ≤ 5%) and higher: (AMPE4 = 0.176, P ≤ 5%)]

   Conclusion: Finally, the author concludes that education status, iron intake, wealth index, residence, parity, and region have been identified as prognostic factors of anemia status in pregnant women aged 15 to 49. As a result, action targeting these predictor variables is needed to enhance the anemia condition of pregnancies in Ethiopia.

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IssueVol 8 No 3 (2022) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
Anemia; Ethiopia; Partial Proportional odds model; pregnant women

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How to Cite
Legesse A. Determinants of Anemia Status among Reproductive age Women during pregnancy in Ethiopia: Cross-sectional Study design. JBE. 2023;8(3):328-339.