Evaluation of quality of life among patients referring for kyphoplasty due to vertebral fractures
Background & Aim: Quality of life (QOL) is one of the important health components, indicating physical, social, and mental health. Vertebral fracture causes acute and chronic low back pain (LBP), physical disability and decreased QOL, and kyphoplasty is one of the effective methods for treating these types of fractures.
Methods & Materials: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 48 patients with vertebral fractures who referred for kyphoplasty surgery. Data were collected using two questionnaires, one including demographic information and the other consisting of 36 questions regarding QOL. Data was analyzed using chi-Square and Fisher’s exact tests in the SPSS software. P < 0.050 was considered as the significance level.
Results: Of 48 patients, 28 and 20 were women and men, respectively, with a mean age of 64.12 ± 16.99 years. The mean QOL score of patients was 38.28 and 45.8% of the patients had moderate QOL. The mean score for physical and mental health subscales was 30.30 and 50.66, respectively.
Conclusion: The mean of total score, the scores of 2 subscales of physical and mental health, and 8 dimensions of the questionnaire were higher among men compared to women. There were significant differences between the two sexes in 2 subscales of physical functioning and health-related disorder. The results of this study showed that LBP and physical dysfunction affected mental health of patients and psychiatric dimensions of the questionnaire.
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